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Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2017-09-01 - 2020-08-31

Urban growth and the increasing density in urban areas put urban green infrastructure under pressure and lead to their loss. Climate change is intensifying the so-called urban heat island effect (UHI) and has negative impacts on cities and their residents, their quality of life and health. Numerous studies have shown that urban green (and blue) infrastructure can make a decisive contribution towards reducing this heat load. The project has four main objectives: (1) A "proof of concept" of a control loop and tool set for the regulation, improvement and evaluation of green and climate-sensitive urban (district) planning - including a green and open space factor as an urbanistic index and planning tool, the GREENpass as an optimization tool for the microclimatic effects of green infrastructure on the plot and district level, the MUKLIMO_3 Stadtklimamodell as an evaluation tool for the mesoclimatic effects on urban level as well as Cosmo-CLM as a regional climate simulation model; (2) Visualization, assessment and adjustment of the climatic effects and sociocultural ecosystem services of different urban green infrastructure in the green and open space factor as well as in the different climate models and simulations; (3) Development of a procedure for the harmonization of the instruments and models as well as clarification of the interfaces of the climate models and of the opportunities for planning. (4) Testing and evaluating the tool set using two case studies to analyze the different areas of application of the tool set for green and climate-friendly urban (district) planning.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2017-09-01 - 2017-12-31

The term ‘Active Mobility’ indicates all physical activities in the means of transport from A to B. This includes in particular walking and cycling but also activities like running or using a pedal-scooter or skateboard. Active Mobility describes a health-enhancing and climatefriendly activity. In the last years Active Mobility received increasing attention by policy sectors such as health, environment and climate protection, transport, mobility or planning. In Austria, this is characterized by recent policy documents such as the ‘Masterplan Cycling’, the ‘Masterplan Walking’, the ‘National Action Plan for Physical Activity’ or the ‘Austrian Health Targets’. The common idea of those documents is to take in addition to individual behavioural approaches also socio-ecological approaches into account (‘Health in All Policies’ approach). The importance of intersectoral cooperation is increasingly recognized. At the moment, the different policy fields operate with diverse notions such as human-powered transport, sustainable mobility, walkability, and other. The policy sectors pursue specific as well as cross-sectoral targets that are not systematically examined yet in regards to opportunities for co-operation (‘capacity building’). The interdisciplinary team consists of the Institute of Landscape Planning, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (short: ILAP, BOKU) and the Centre for Sport Sciences and University Sports, department Sport Pedagogy, University of Vienna (short: ISW, UNIVIE) with the advisory support of the VCÖ - Austrian Traffic Association. With its knowledge and expertise the team offers a complementary approach to find a cross-sectoral language and to identify intersectoral linkages to the topic Active Mobility. Project aims are: (1) To analyse specific terms of relevant sectors and policy-documents on Active Mobility, (2) To find a common language for the different sectors and networks and to concert synergies and connecting points, and (3) To bring together the discussion and results in form of an argumentation paper.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2017-07-01 - 2018-04-30

The frequency and the intensity of heavy precipitation events will likely increase in Europe affecting at the same time the frequency and intensity of natural disasters. This change in combination of socio-economic changes poses new challenges for the management of natural disasters to government, authorities, scientists and affected communities. Several institutions across Austria, such as the Austrian Service for Torrent and Avalanche Control or The Federal Geological Office, are responsible for damage assessments after extreme events. A systematic documentation of this information helps to cope with natural hazards respectively. The data gathered within these assessments includes mainly information on the natural process (intensity, extent, timeline) and some information on damages on buildings and infrastructure. However, although, recent scientific research shows that social aspects (e.g. gender, age, ethnicity) influence the impacts and consequences of natural hazards significantly they are often ignored by post event documentation. The proposed research is focusing on reviewing existing methods (document and literature review) in the Alpine region (Austria, Swiss, Germany, Italy), outline existing gaps in the documentation of events and propose a guideline for the improvement of event documentation in Austria which includes both physical and social aspects. This will eventually improve the quality and quantity of damage related data contributing to a better understanding of the interaction between natural processes and communities but also to improved preparedness towards natural hazards.

Supervised Theses and Dissertations