Latest SCI publications
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2017-11-01 - 2020-10-31
Biotope City – construction manual for the green city of the future The greening of cities as an adaption strategy to urban heat islands becomes more and more important, not only in Austria but also abroad. Even though there are numerous studies, which proof the important effects of green infrastructure on dense urban areas, the greening of buildings is still underestimated compared to technological solutions. The implementation of green infrastructure is facing different challenges: high complexity in planning and implementation, a large number of stakeholders, contradictory legal definitions, technological issues, investments and maintenance. Based on the overall concept ‚Biotope City‘ a new district with about 1.000 residences on the former industrial area of Coca Cola in the city of Vienna is developed. Members of the project team (scientifically) accompany the project since the beginning. The project ‚Biotope City – construction manual for the green city of the future‘ offers the unique opportunity to do research on the development of a green district – from the first idea up to completion and occupation – and to work on the transferability of these experiences. T The project aims to generate components of a construction manual for the green city of the future, which is in line with reality, generalizable and transferable. To achieve this objective the project deals with the following topics: (1) quality management and scientific support of the development of the Biotope City district, (2) clarification of adjustment factors and restrictions concerning the engineering process, (3) analysis of the Biotope City as social environment and analysis of the challenges concerning the maintenance, (4) new problem-solving approaches for greening activities and (5) new problem-solving approaches for cycles of materials as well as (6) additional benefits of a Biotope City shown by (international) best practice examples. The applied project serves as a model. Based on the case study Coca Cola the aim is to develop an integral planning process that allows real estate developers and planners to implement a green district.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2017-09-01 - 2020-08-31
Urban growth and the increasing density in urban areas put urban green infrastructure under pressure and lead to their loss. Climate change is intensifying the so-called urban heat island effect (UHI) and has negative impacts on cities and their residents, their quality of life and health. Numerous studies have shown that urban green (and blue) infrastructure can make a decisive contribution towards reducing this heat load. The project has four main objectives: (1) A "proof of concept" of a control loop and tool set for the regulation, improvement and evaluation of green and climate-sensitive urban (district) planning - including a green and open space factor as an urbanistic index and planning tool, the GREENpass as an optimization tool for the microclimatic effects of green infrastructure on the plot and district level, the MUKLIMO_3 Stadtklimamodell as an evaluation tool for the mesoclimatic effects on urban level as well as Cosmo-CLM as a regional climate simulation model; (2) Visualization, assessment and adjustment of the climatic effects and sociocultural ecosystem services of different urban green infrastructure in the green and open space factor as well as in the different climate models and simulations; (3) Development of a procedure for the harmonization of the instruments and models as well as clarification of the interfaces of the climate models and of the opportunities for planning. (4) Testing and evaluating the tool set using two case studies to analyze the different areas of application of the tool set for green and climate-friendly urban (district) planning.
"Active Mobility in all Policies“ Development of an intersectoral argumentation on the topic in Austria ctive Mobility in all Policies“
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2017-09-01 - 2017-12-31
The term ‘Active Mobility’ indicates all physical activities in the means of transport from A to B. This includes in particular walking and cycling but also activities like running or using a pedal-scooter or skateboard. Active Mobility describes a health-enhancing and climatefriendly activity. In the last years Active Mobility received increasing attention by policy sectors such as health, environment and climate protection, transport, mobility or planning. In Austria, this is characterized by recent policy documents such as the ‘Masterplan Cycling’, the ‘Masterplan Walking’, the ‘National Action Plan for Physical Activity’ or the ‘Austrian Health Targets’. The common idea of those documents is to take in addition to individual behavioural approaches also socio-ecological approaches into account (‘Health in All Policies’ approach). The importance of intersectoral cooperation is increasingly recognized. At the moment, the different policy fields operate with diverse notions such as human-powered transport, sustainable mobility, walkability, and other. The policy sectors pursue specific as well as cross-sectoral targets that are not systematically examined yet in regards to opportunities for co-operation (‘capacity building’). The interdisciplinary team consists of the Institute of Landscape Planning, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (short: ILAP, BOKU) and the Centre for Sport Sciences and University Sports, department Sport Pedagogy, University of Vienna (short: ISW, UNIVIE) with the advisory support of the VCÖ - Austrian Traffic Association. With its knowledge and expertise the team offers a complementary approach to find a cross-sectoral language and to identify intersectoral linkages to the topic Active Mobility. Project aims are: (1) To analyse specific terms of relevant sectors and policy-documents on Active Mobility, (2) To find a common language for the different sectors and networks and to concert synergies and connecting points, and (3) To bring together the discussion and results in form of an argumentation paper.